wiki

adware

Adware is short for Advertising Malware. It’s a form of malware designed to show its victims unwanted advertisements so the attackers can generate income. Generally the victim either did not choose to install the malware willingly, unknowingly installed the malware, or knowingly installed the malware after being misled as to what it actually does.

Generally, adware isn’t considered a serious form of malware, but rather as a nuisance. Due to adware requiring its victims to watch advertisements or track its users online activity to generate money, it typically won’t destroy a user’s system, but will be annoying and also delivers personal information into the hands of malicious attackers.

 

Types of Adware

Adware comes in many forms with some designed to collect its victims’ browsing history data, some serving unwanted ads such as popup ads, and some even demanding payment from its victim for removal of the ads.

  • Popups – This type of adware is designed to serve you unwanted ads to generate revenue for the attackers. If you have ads that seemingly pop up out of nowhere, you probably have an adware infection on your system.
  • Tracking – This type of adware is designed to track your online activity to deliver the types of ads you’d likely click on and to collect information about you to sell to third parties.
  • Ransom – This type of adware is designed to show you unwanted ads, but also provide you with an option to remove the ads for a payment. Typically this type of adware are most often found in fake anti-virus or anti-malware software which tell you your system is infected and offers you an easy way to remove the infection for a fee.

 

How to Remove Adware

Removing adware is generally done using software such as dedicated anti-malware software such as Malwarebytes or combination anti-virus/anti-malware software such as Bitdefender.

AMD FreeSync

AMD FreeSync Logo

AMD FreeSync, or Project FreeSync, is AMD’s dynamic refresh rate technology designed to help eliminate screen tearing, eliminate studdering, and for mobile devices, improve battery life. AMD FreeSync is the direct competitor to Nvidia’s G-Sync adaptive refresh rate technology.

 

Why Dynamic Refresh Rate is Important

Dynamic or adaptive refresh rate technology is important because video content is not always sent to the display at the display’s native refresh rate. Take for example a game. During times when little is happening in the scene, framerates could easily hit 150 FPS or higher while during scenes of high activity such as an intense firefight, frames could dip down to 30FPS or lower.

As monitors have traditionally only only operated at a fixed 60Hz (60 FPS) or newer monitors at 144Hz (144 FPS), during scenes where little is happening the user will experience screen tearing, while during scenes where a lot is happening the user will experience studdering or lag.

 

AMD FreeSync Versions

FreeSync

The original implementation of AMD FreeSync, which we’ll refer to as FreeSync 1, includes all the basic features of FreeSync.

FreeSync 2

In January during CES 2017, AMD announced FreeSync 2 which added HDR 10-bit display support, automatic mode switching, and LFC (Low Framerate Compensation).

 

AMD FreeSync vs Nvidia G-Sync

AMD FreeSync was first released back in 2015 shortly after Nvidia announced G-Sync. Unlike Nvidia’s G-Sync solution which was expensive to license and implement, AMD promised FreeSync to be a similar variable refresh rate technology that would not only be free of charge, but would also be adopted by VESA, the Video Electronics Standards Association, as a part of their DisplayPort 1.2a specification under Adaptive Sync. As a result, any monitor that’s DisplayPort 1.2a compliant will support AMD Freesync.

 

How Do I Use AMD Freesync?

In order to use AMD FreeSync, you’ll need to purchase a FreeSync compatible monitor, and a FreeSync compatible AMD graphics card or AMD APU. FreeSync compatible graphics cards include the AMD Radeon R7 and newer and FreeSync compatible APUs include the AMD A6-7400K and newer.

 

AMD FreeSync Monitor Database

MonitorSizeResolutionTypeMin Refresh RateMax Refresh Rate
Acer XR342CK34-inch3440x1440IPS48 Hz75 Hz
AOC Agon AG271QX27-inch2560x1440TN40 Hz144 Hz
AOC G2460PF24-inch1920x1080TN35 Hz144 Hz
AOC G2460PQU24-inch1920x1080TN50 Hz146 Hz
AOC G2460VQ624-inch1920x1080TN48 Hz75 Hz
BenQ EX3200R31.5-inch1920x1080VA45 Hz144 Hz
BenQ XL273027-inch2560x1440TN40 Hz144 Hz
LG 24MP59G-P24-inch1920x1080IPS56 Hz75 Hz
LG 29UM68-P29-inch2560x1080IPS56 Hz75 Hz
Nixeus NX-EDG2727-inch2560x1440AHVA30 Hz144 Hz
Nixeus NX-VUE2424-inch1920x1080TN30 Hz144 Hz
ViewSonic XG270127-inch1920x1080TN30 Hz144 Hz